Breast Pain in Women | Causes & Risk Factors


What causes breast pain?

Many things can cause pain or tenderness in your breasts. Here are some of them:

  • Hormone changes during your period
  • Water retention, which may happen during your period
  • Injury to your breast
  • Pregnancy
  • Breastfeeding (nursing)
  • An infection in the breast
  • Breast cancer (not a usual cause of breast pain)

If you have breast pain that lasts for a long time or keeps coming back, it's probably a good idea to talk to your doctor about it.


The Evaluation of Common Breast Problems by M Morrow, M.D. (American Family Physician April 15, 2000,

Written by editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 04/14
Created: 09/00