Cardiomyopathy | Treatment


How is cardiomyopathy treated?

Treatment depends on the cause of the cardiomyopathy. For example, if you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe medicine to help control it.

If you smoke or drink alcohol, your doctor will probably advise you to quit. You may need to lose weight if you are overweight or obese. Physical activity is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. However, you should check with your doctor before starting an exercise program.

Your doctor may prescribe medicine to treat cardiomyopathy. He or she may also suggest that you eat less than 2,300 mg of salt or less per day. Sodium intake is linked to high blood pressure and heart disease.

If you have heart failure, you may need a small device that is like a pacemaker to help your heart work correctly. You will need surgery to place the device in your body.

In serious cases, a person who has cardiomyopathy may need a heart transplant. A cardiologist (heart specialist) can help you and your doctor make that decision.


Cardiomyopathy: An Overview by Randy Wexler, MD, MPH; Terry Elton, PhD; Adam Pleister, MD; and David Feldman, MD, PhD (American Family Physician May 01, 2009,

Written by editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 04/14
Created: 10/09