Concussion | Causes & Risk Factors


Who is at risk for concussion and other sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries?

Recently, more attention has been focused on concussions and other traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) that happen in sports and recreational activities. It is estimated that between 1.6 million and 3.8 million sports- and recreation-related TBIs happen each year in the United States. Many of these are not reported or treated by a doctor or at an emergency room. There’s no guaranteed way to prevent concussions, so anyone who participates in sports or recreational activities is at risk.

Parents should be aware of the risk of concussion and other sports- and recreation-related TBIs in children. More than half of the emergency room visits for these injuries are for children 5 to 18 years of age. Males 10 to 19 years of age have the most emergency room visits for sports- and recreation-related TBIs. Bicycling, football, basketball, soccer, and baseball are associated with the greatest number of emergency room visits for TBIs in children and teens. But concussions can happen in many other sports and recreational activities.


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Written by editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 02/14
Created: 09/00