Diabetic Ketoacidosis | Symptoms


What are the warning signs of DKA?

DKA is a very serious condition. People who have diabetes should contact their doctor or get to a hospital right away if they have the symptoms of DKA. The first symptoms to appear are usually:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Moderate or high ketone level in the urine (which can be tested with a home urine kit)
  • High blood sugar level

The next stage of DKA symptoms include:

  • Vomiting (usually more than once)
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Trouble breathing
  • Confusion or trouble concentrating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • A fruity odor on the breath


Diabetic Ketoacidosis by David E. Trachtenbarg, M.D. (American Family Physician May 01, 2005, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20050501/1705.html)

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 02/14
Created: 07/05