Dysmenorrhea | Causes & Risk Factors


What causes dysmenorrhea?

There are two types of dysmenorrhea:

  • Primary dysmenorrhea is pain caused by common menstrual cramps.
  • Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain caused by a disease or condition, such as infection, ovarian cysts (fluid-filled sacs in the ovary), or endometriosis (say: “en-doe-me-tree-oh-sis”), a problem with the lining of the uterus.


Dysmenorrhea by L French, M.D. (American Family Physician January 15, 2005, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20050115/285.html)

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 04/14
Created: 03/05