Ectopic Pregnancy | Causes & Risk Factors

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Who is at risk for an ectopic pregnancy?

Anyone who can get pregnant can have an ectopic pregnancy, but you are more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy if:

  • You are older than 35 years of age
  • You have had infections (such as pelvic inflammatory disease) or operations in the pelvic area
  • You have endometriosis and are using assisted reproductive methods to become pregnant, such as in vitro fertizilation (IVF)
  • You smoke
  • You have a history of inflammation of the fallopian tubes or abnormally shaped fallopian tubes
  • You have had trouble getting pregnant or have had fertility treatment
  • You have had one or more ectopic pregnancies before

Source

Diagnosis and Management of Ectopic Pregnancy by AM Lozeau, MD, MS, and B Potter, MD (American Family Physician November 01, 2005, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20051101/1707.html)

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 04/14
Created: 07/06

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