Hammer Toe | Causes & Risk Factors

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What causes hammer toe?

People who are born with long bones in their toes are more likely to develop hammer toe. Children who wear shoes they have outgrown may develop this condition. People who wear very narrow shoes or high-heeled shoes are also more likely to develop a hammer toe.

Sometimes, pressure from a bunion can cause hammer toe. Rheumatoid arthritis is another a risk factor.

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 04/14
Created: 11/09

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