Human Papillomavirus (HPV) | Causes & Risk Factors


How do you get HPV?

HPV is normally transmitted through sexual contact. This includes having oral, vaginal or anal sex with someone who has HPV.

A person who has HPV may not show any signs of the virus, as genital warts often take years to develop. In women, the warts may be on the cervix (the opening to the uterus or womb) and therefore not visible.


HPV Testing in the Evaluation of the Minimally Abnormal Papanicolaou Smear by BS Apgar, M.D., M.S., and G Brotzman, M.D. (American Family Physician May 15, 1999,

Written by editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 01/14
Created: 05/99