How is hyperparathyroidism treated?
If a growth on your parathyroid is causing your hyperparathyroidism, surgery to remove it usually solves the problem. The growth doesn't typically come back. Most of your symptoms will stop in the first month after surgery. For a short time after surgery, your blood calcium level may be too low. This problem is treated with medicine.
Surgery is usually recommended for people who have hyperparathyroidism and are experiencing moderate to severe symptoms. If you are not experiencing any symptoms or your symptoms are not severe, your doctor may recommend treatment with medicine alone. Medicines can treat some (but not all) of the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism. If you don't have surgery or need medicines to treat your hyperparathyroidism, tests are still needed from time to time to see if the disease is hurting your kidneys, bones or other body systems. Special machines can check your bone strength. This treatment approach is called watchful waiting.
Most people feel much better after treatment when the discomforts that they have been trying to live with go away.
If a medical condition is causing your hyperparathyroidism, treatment is aimed at treating the underlying cause.
If you have hyperparathyroidism, you should limit your intake of calcium (aim for less than 1,200 mg each day) and vitamin D (aim for less than 600 IU each day). Your doctor can give you additional information about limiting your intake of these nutrients. You should drink plenty of water to help prevent kidney stones. Make sure to get plenty of exercise, which can help build bone strength. Do not smoke, as it increases your risk for a number of conditions, including bone loss.
Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff