How is inflammatory bowel disease diagnosed?
Your doctor will give you a physical exam and listen to you describe your symptoms. To help diagnose your problem your doctor may order a number of tests, including blood tests and stool samples. Your doctor may also order one or more procedures to help him or her view your colon. In lower GI endoscopy procedures such as colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy, your doctor uses a narrow, flexible tube to look directly inside your large intestine. Upper GI endoscopy allows a look at your stomach and small intestine for ulcers. For this type of endoscopy, you either swallow a small camera (called capsule endoscopy) or your doctor inserts scope into your GI tract through your mouth.
Your doctor may also order other imaging tests such as X-rays, a CT scan or an MRI.
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Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff