Metabolic Syndrome | Diagnosis & Tests

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How is metabolic syndrome diagnosed?

Your doctor will do a physical exam and blood tests. He or she can diagnosis metabolic syndrome if at least 3 of the following are true:

  • You are overweight or obese, and you carry the weight around your middle. For men, this means a waist that measures greater than 40 inches around. For women, it means a waist that measures greater than 35 inches around.
  • You have higher than normal blood pressure (130/85 mm Hg or greater).
  • You have a higher than normal amount of sugar in your blood (a fasting blood sugar of 110 mg/dL or greater).
  • You have a higher than normal amount of fat in your blood (a triglyceride level of 150 mg/dL or greater).
  • You have a lower than normal high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level (an HDL level less than 40 mg/dL). HDL cholesterol is the "good" cholesterol.

The more of these risk factors you have, the higher your risk of heart disease.

Source

Metabolic Syndrome: Time for Action by Darwin Deen, M.D., M.S. (American Family Physician June 15, 2004, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20040615/2875.html)

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 03/14
Created: 01/05

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