How is osteopenia treated?
It is important to treat low bone mass to keep it from progressing into osteoporosis. Treatment starts with changes to your lifestyle. Your doctor will want you to increase your physical activity, especially weight-bearing exercise. Weight-bearing exercise can help your bones become stronger. It can also build muscle and improve your balance, both of which can help prevent against broken bones. Examples of weight-bearing exercise include walking, jogging and climbing steps.
Your doctor will also suggest ways to get more calcium and vitamin D in your diet. Nonfat and low-fat dairy products, such as yogurt, cheese and milk, are good sources of calcium. Other sources of calcium include dried beans, pink salmon, spinach and broccoli. Some foods, such as orange juice, breads and dry breakfast cereals, may be fortified with calcium or vitamin D or both. Your doctor may suggest a Vitamin D or calcium supplement as well.
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Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff