Pancreatitis | Causes & Risk Factors

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What causes pancreatitis?

There are a number of factors that can cause pancreatitis. The most common cause of pancreatitis is alcohol abuse. Other causes include the following:

  • Smoking
  • Gallstones (digestive fluids that become solid and form stones in the gallbladder)
  • Certain medicines
  • High levels of triglycerides (a type of fat in your blood)
  • High levels of parathyroid hormone in the blood (called hyperparathyroidism)
  • High levels of calcium in the blood (called hypercalcemia)
  • Cancer of the pancreas
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • A family history of pancreatitis
  • Abdominal surgery
  • Injury to the abdomen

Source

Chronic Pancreatitis by J. Nair, MD, and Lanika Lawler, MD (American Family Physician December 01, 2007, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20071201/1679.html)

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 02/11
Created: 10/09

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