Piriformis Syndrome | Symptoms


What are the symptoms of piriformis syndrome?

The most common symptom of piriformis syndrome is sciatica. This term describes pain, tingling or numbness that starts in your buttocks and runs down the back of your leg. Sciatica may start as an intense, burning pain deep in the buttocks. The pain gets worse during activities that cause the piriformis muscle to press against the sciatic nerve, such as sitting, walking up stairs or running.

When should I call my doctor?

Talk to your doctor if any of the following are true:

  • Your pain lasts longer than a few weeks.
  • You have sudden, severe pain in your low back or your leg, and you have muscle weakness or numbness in your leg.
  • Your pain starts after you have been injured in a traumatic event.
  • You have problems controlling your bowels or bladder.

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 04/14
Created: 11/09