Who is at risk?
You are at risk for prediabetes if any of the following are true:
- You are overweight or obese.
- You have a parent, brother or sister who has diabetes.
- You had diabetes during pregnancy (called gestational diabetes) or had a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds at birth.
- You belong to any of the following ethnic groups: African American, Native American, Latin American or Asian/Pacific Islander.
- You have high blood pressure (above 140/90 mm Hg).
- Your high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level (“good” cholesterol) is less than 40 mg per dL (for men) or less than 50 mg per dl (for women), or your triglyceride level is higher than 250 mg per dL.
- You are a woman who has polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Impaired Fasting Glucose by Shobha S. Rao, M.D., Phillip Disraeli, M.D., and Tamara McGregor, M.D. (American Family Physician April 15, 2004, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20040415/1961.html)
Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff