Testicular cancer begins in one or both of the testicles. The testicles are located in the scrotum, the skin “sack” that hangs beneath the penis. Hormones and sperm are produced in the testicles. A normal adult testicle is about the size of a golf ball and is round, smooth and firm.
Testicular cancer is very treatable if it's found early. See your doctor right away if you notice any of the changes listed above.
Cancer of the testicles is rare, but it is the most common cancer in young men (15 to 34 years old). If you are a man, you are more likely to get testicular cancer if you:
If you have testicular cancer, your doctor will likely suggest that the cancerous testicle be surgically removed. Your doctor may also recommend chemotherapy if your cancer is more severe or the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff