How is a traumatic brain injury treated?
Treatment for a traumatic brain injury depends on the severity of the injury. If you have a mild traumatic brain injury, over-the-counter pain medicine can help with headaches and neck pain.
Treatment for a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury depends on the symptom. If you are having seizures, you may be given medicine to reduce the number of seizures. If you have certain kinds of arm spasticity, you may be able to try an injection of botulinum toxin into the muscle to help stop muscle spasms. You may need surgery if there is a skull fracture, if there are blood clots that need to be removed from the brain or if there is too much pressure inside the skull.
If the traumatic brain injury is severe, you may need physical and occupational therapy to regain skills that you may have “forgotten” because of your brain injury. Some of these skills can include walking, talking and feeding yourself.
Physical therapy is made up of stretching, strengthening exercises and muscle training. It helps with flexibility, coordination and strength.
Occupational therapy can help you re-learn how to perform daily tasks, such as bathing, getting dressed, cooking and writing. An occupational therapist can also teach you more about your injury and how to deal with it.
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Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff