Breast Problems in Men

Although many people only associate breast problems with women, men can also be affected. If you have noticed changes in your breasts or nipples, follow this chart for more information.

Our trusted Symptom Checker is written and reviewed by physicians and patient education professionals. Find a possible diagnosis by choosing a symptom and answering a few simple questions.

Remember, be sure to consult with you doctor if you feel you have a serious medical problem.

Step 2

Answering Questions

  • Are you between the ages of 10 and 25, and do you have swelling under and/or around one or both nipples?

  • Are you taking any hormones or new medicines, and do you have swelling under and/or around one or both nipples?

  • Is your nipple red, sore, cracked or blistered, and do you run or wear loose gym clothing?

  • Do you have a tender breast lump that feels like a soft grape?

  • Do you have a painless lump that feels rubbery and is easily moveable within the breast tissue?

  • Do you have a hard, painless lump under your nipple, and have you noticed any breast changes such as skin dimpling or puckering, redness or scaling of the nipple or breast skin, or have you had any nipple discharge?

Step 3

Possible Causes

  • Diagnosis

    Hormone changes in puberty may cause GYNECOMASTIA, a benign (not cancerous) swelling of the male breast.


    Self Care

    In most cases gynecomastia will go away on its own within 2 or 3 years. See your doctor if you’re concerned, if breast tenderness is a problem or if the breast tissue keeps growing.


  • Diagnosis

    Hormones and some types of medicine may cause GYNECOMASTIA, a benign (not cancerous) swelling of the male breast.


    Self Care

    Discuss this with your doctor.


  • Diagnosis

    You may have RUNNER’S NIPPLE, an irritation caused by clothes that rub against the skin.


    Self Care

    Wear soft, loose clothes and use an antibiotic ointment and adhesive bandage strips on your nipples when you run. Petroleum jelly may work just as well. If a growth occurs, have it checked by your doctor.


  • Diagnosis

    You may have a cyst. Cysts are usually benign (not cancerous).


    Self Care

    See your doctor. He or she will determine if you need any additional tests. If your cyst is painful, your doctor may use a small needle to drain fluid from it.


  • Diagnosis

    Although more common in women, FIBROADENOMAS, benign (not cancerous) lumps, may also occur in men.


    Self Care

    Make an appointment with your doctor. He or she will determine if you need additional tests.


  • Diagnosis

    This may be a sign of something serious, like CANCER.


    Self Care

    MAKE AN APPOINTMENT WITH YOUR DOCTOR RIGHT AWAY.


  • Self Care

    For more information, please talk to your doctor. If you think your problem is serious, call right away.