Cervical Cancer | Causes & Risk Factors


What puts me at risk for cervical cancer?

The main risk factors for cervical cancer are related to sexual practices. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may make your cells more likely to undergo changes that can lead to cancer. STIs include HPV, herpes, gonorrhea and chlamydia. HPV is the virus that can cause genital warts. It seems to be very closely connected with these changes.

Risk factors for cervical cancer

  • Starting to have sex early (before age 18)
  • Having had many sexual partners
  • Being infected with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or having had a sex partner who has an STI
  • Smoking

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff

Reviewed/Updated: 02/14
Created: 01/00