Genital Problems in Men

See complete list of charts.

Follow this chart for more information about genital problems in men.

SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS SELF-CARE
Begin Here

1. Do you have any swelling or tenderness in your scrotum?


Yes

Go to Question 9.*

No

2. Do you have a yellowish or greenish discharge from the tip of your penis?


Yes

Your may have a SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION or URETHRITIS, an inflammation of the urethra.

See your doctor right away.

No

3. Do you have a burning sensation or pain with urination?


Yes

You may have a BLADDER INFECTION or URETHRITIS, an inflammation of the urethra.

See your doctor right away.

No

4. Do you have a painful, itchy rash or small red bumps, blisters or sores on your penis?


Yes

You may have a YEAST INFECTION, HERPES or another type of infection. Sores on the penis may also be a symptom of CANCER.

See your doctor right away.

No

5. Do you have a painless sore on the shaft or head of your penis?


Yes

This may be a symptom of GENITAL WARTS, SYPHILIS, or a form of CANCER.

See your doctor right away.

No

6. Is the entire tip of your penis tender or swollen?


Yes

You may have BALANITIS, an infection of the head of the penis.

See your doctor. Depending on the cause of your infection, your doctor may prescribe an antifungal cream or antibiotic ointment. In some cases, antibiotic pills may be needed. Keep the area clean and dry, and avoid skin lotions, which may make the condition worse.

No

7. Do you have blood in your urine or semen, or pain with ejaculation?


Yes

You may have PROSTATITIS, an infection of the prostate gland or an infection of the seminal vesicle.

See your doctor.

No

8. Do you have pain with sexual intercourse?


Yes

A number of problems can cause painful intercourse. Possible causes may include ALLERGY to a contraceptive, ANXIETY, PROSTATITIS, INFECTION or DRYNESS in the partner.

Talk to your doctor about any pain you experience during sex.

No

*9. Is your scrotum very tender although no injury has occured to the testicle?


Yes

Your may have a severe form of infection, such as EPIDIDYMITIS, or TESTICULAR TORSION, a condition in which the blood supply to the testicle is cut off.

EMERGENCY
See your doctor or go to the emergency room right away.

No

10. Do you have mild tenderness around one testicle?


Yes

Your symptoms may be from a less severe form of EPIDIDYMITIS.

See your doctor.

No

11. Is there a hard, painless knot on one testicle?


Yes

A painless knot could be a symptom of SPERMATOCELE, a noncancerous cyst, but it could also be TESTICULAR CANCER.

See your doctor. Talk to your doctor about testicular self-examinations, which may improve your chances of finding a tumor while it's still treatable.

No

12. Is there a soft swelling in your scrotum on 1 or both sides?


Yes

Swelling along with visible, enlarged veins, usually on the left side, are symptoms of VARICOCELE. Painless swelling of 1 or both testicles may also be a sign of HYDROCELE. Your swelling may also be caused by a small cyst.

See your doctor to rule out other more serious conditions. While varicocele or hydrocele are not life-threatening, surgery may be required to correct them.

No

13. Is there a soft swelling above your testicle that gets worse with activity, lifting or coughing?


Yes

This could be an INGUINAL HERNIA, a loop of the bowel that protrudes into the scrotum.

See your doctor. If the hernia is small, your doctor may suggest that you watch it closely for signs of growth. If the hernia is large and painful, you may need surgery.

No

For more information, please talk to your doctor. If you think the problem is serious, call your doctor right away.

This tool has been reviewed by doctors and is for general educational purposes only. It is not a substitute for medical advice. The information in this tool should not be relied upon to make decisions about your health. Always consult your family doctor with questions about your individual condition(s) and/or circumstances. Source: American Academy of Family Physicians. Family Health & Medical Guide. Dallas: Word Publishing; 1996.

See complete list of charts.