Part of your responsibility as a parent is to teach your children how to lead healthy lives. The best time to start teaching these lessons is when they are young. This helps them avoid making unhealthy choices and developing lifelong bad habits. It is important that parents set a good example. Telling your kids what to do won’t always work. They need to see you choosing healthy habits too.
Path to improved health
Below are some ways to help your kids have healthy habits.
Nutrition and physical activity
Children in the United States weigh more than they used to. They may eat too much food that is high in fat and sugar. They spend less time being physically active. Children who struggle with weight have an increased risk of future health problems. These can include diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, and cancer.
Things you can do to help:
- Pay attention to the kinds of food you buy. Limit the amount of junk food your kids eat. Keep a mix of fresh fruits and vegetables available. These make for healthy snacks and meal sides. Be aware that low-fat foods may contain unhealthy items. They can include added sugar.
- Serve a variety of healthy foods and use proper portion sizes. Read thenutrition facts label to find 1 serving size.
- Eat meals and snacks together as a family. Eat at the table and not in front of the television.
- Give your children plenty of water and milk to drink. Put a limit on sweetened and regular-calorie drinks. These include fruit juice, soft drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, sweetened or flavored milk, and sweetened iced tea.
- Monitor your children’s activities. They should spend no more than 2 hours per day watching television, using the computer, or playing video games. Promote physical activity instead.
- Make physical activity part of your family’s routine. Take a walk, visit the community pool, or go on a bike ride. Encourage your kids to try group activities, such as team sports or martial arts. These can help a child’s growth and self-esteem. Find other aerobic activities to add to your children’s day.
- Also teach your children healthy oral health habits. This includes brushing their teeth twice per day and flossing once per day. Take them to the dentist for regular cleanings every six months.
Tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs
Kids may become curious about drugs at a young age. In fact, some children try tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs by the time they reach middle school. Studies show that kids are less likely to use these if you talk to them early on.
Things you can do to help:
- Make it known that your children are not allowed to smoke cigarettes, chew tobacco, drink alcohol, or use drugs. Set clear consequences if they break these rules.
- Explain why these substances are harmful. Urge your children to ask questions. A true story may get their attention more than facts and statistics alone. Give real-life examples of people who have had bad things happen from using alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs.
- Talk to your children about peer pressure. Role-playing can help prepare them to say no if someone offers cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs.
- Get to know your children’s friends and their friends’ parents. Build trust with them. Let other parents know the rules you expect your children to follow. Always ask your kids what they’re doing, where they’re going, who they’re with, and when they’ll return. Make sure there is a way you can reach them.
- Set a good example. Pay attention to how your actions affect your children. For example, if you use tobacco or drugs, they may think it’s okay for them to do the same.
Each year, about 1 million teenage girls become pregnant. Nearly 3 million teens get a sexually transmitted disease or infection (STD or STI). Even though it may be awkward, you need to talk to your kids about the risks and responsibilities of being sexually active. This includes how to protect against pregnancy and disease. Do not depend on schools to teach sexual education. You can help your kids understand sex in terms of love and respect. You can teach them the meaning of consent. They should understand the importance of consent by both people involved.
Things you can do to help:
- With younger children, answer questions about sex when they ask.
- With older children, discuss sex in advance to help prevent harm. They need to know the risks of being sexually active before they start. It’s important to talk about this even if you don’t think your children are sexually active.
- Be honest with your children about your family’s values, opinions, and expectations of sex. You may want to ask your family doctor for help in talking to your children. They can provide information and facts to share.
- Think about the sexual messages your children get in school and from the media. Talk to your children about these messages to help them understand what is real. Urge them to be open with you and ask questions.
- Keep an open mind. Your children are more likely to talk to you if they aren’t afraid of your reactions. Let them know they can come to you if they feel pressured or concerned about issues related to sex.
Things to consider
Most children look up to their parents. It’s important for you to set a good example. Being healthy should be fun for everyone. Get your kids involved by giving them choices. Reward their good behavior with healthy treats or activities. Staying positive and supportive can help them develop confidence and a lifetime of healthy habits.
Questions to ask your doctor
- How do I calculate my child’s BMI?
- At what age should I start talking to my kids about sex?
- What are examples of healthy rewards?
Copyright © American Academy of Family Physicians
This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.